One off production
This is when
only one product is made at a particular
time. This one off product could be a prototype
a one off object or a hand made object.
Prototypes are made to see if a product
works before it goes into large scale production.
One off production takes a long time and
often means it is expensive. A classic product
could be a mobile phone prototype, a one
off specialist product, handmade items,
This is when a series
of products which are all identical are
made jointly in either large or small numbers.
Once these have products have been made
once more of the same products may be made
using the same equipment. This equipment
includes tools, moulds, machinery and labour.
A classic product could be a chair, newspapers,
books, electrical products, etc.
Mass production involves
the product going through many stages of
a production line. There are workers and
machines at certain stages along the line
that are responsible for making certain
parts of the product. This means the product
is often made over days or even weeks depending
how complicated it is. This product is often
quite reasonably priced due to the large
scale production techniques used. However
if a problem occurs it will stop the whole
line of production. A classic product could
be a car. The technique was first implemented
by US automobile pioneer Henry Ford in 1908,
for the manufacture of the Model T Ford
where a product is continuously produced
over a period of hours, days, weeks or even
years. This kind of production means the
product will often be quite reasonably priced.
A classic product could be screws, bricks,
food products, etc
in time production.
Just in time production means just that.
This involves the arrival of parts at just
the exact time that they are required in
the factory. This means that less storage
space is needed at the factory, so saving
space at the factory. If the flow of parts
is stopped or is late the line will stop
and this production technique could then
become very costly.